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The Council of Europe launched in 1987 a new programme called “Cultural Routes of the Council of Europe" and one of the routes chosen by the EU was that created by the Liberation Route Europe. The name of this new historical road is "Liberation Route Europe Hiking Trails". This new road is about 3500 km long and passes through eight countries. It starts on the D-Day Landing beaches in France, and passed through Nuremberg, Berlin and Gdansk. Some vectors of Memory have been already placed by students in many places along the trail, but now the trail will continue souther to join Italy, and in particular Monte Cassino and Cassino.

Vectors of Memory

What is a vector of Memory? They are route markers, designed by the renowned architect Daniel Libeskind, who created four types of markers to put all along the trails with directions and historical background to follow and detailed informations about the place to visit. His dream is to see a vector all along the trails every 5 kilometers. The different vectors of Memory can be:

  • Vectors to introduce an important story line
  • crossroad vectors to point the directions in crossroads
  • wall vectors to mark buildings, museums, and battle
  • floor vectors to mark the direction of the trail, to follow

In Italy the Liberation Route Europe Hiking Trails will connect Sicily where the Allied landed in 1943 and where people can visit the several war cemeteries in Catania and the museum of the landing, to Salerno and Anzio, other harbours and museums, then Ortona and Casoli but even Cassino with the Historiale Museum and its war cemeteries, and Monte Cassino with the world famous Abbey, to Rome. Norther the Liberation Route Europe Hiking Trails will guide visitors to the most meaningful places of the Gotic line.

We can imagine that here in Cassino we will have several Vectors of Memory, because the Battles of Cassino involved so many meaningful places for example Monte Cassino Abbey, the Rapido River crossing, Castle hill, and nationalities, all remembered in the Commonwealth War Cemetery, The Polish War Cemetery and the German Cemetery, and the local War Museum called Historiale Museum. We see that is going to happen in the next months.

Monte Cassino war Tours will follow the footsteps of the Liberation Route Europe Historical trails through the Gustav Line, Cassino and Monte Cassino, and will offer you always new experience on new exclusive historical trails.

For further Informations please have a look to the Liberation Route Italia website 


Vectors of Momory

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The Liberation Route Hiking Trails and the Vectors of Memory

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Dr. Anna Maria Priora Ph.D

WW2 Monte Cassino Battlefield expert, researcher and tour guide

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